孟晚舟案的事实和证据法律分析
2018/12/14 17:35:01 点击率[224] 评论[0]
【法宝引证码】
    【学科类别】国际刑法学
    【出处】法律博客:唐文金律师
    【写作时间】2018年
    【中文关键字】孟晚舟案;法律合规;国际公法
    【全文】

      Based on the Court File:27761, Vancouver Registry from The Supreme Court Of BritishColumbia, my analysis on Wanzhou Meng's is as follows,
     
      基于审理孟晚舟案件的加拿大The Supreme Court Of British Columbia提供的文件“CourtFile:27761, Vancouver Registry”,分析如下:
     
      1)  No Misrepresentations,No Fraud;
     
      不存在误导性陈述,不构成欺诈;
     
      2) On the matter of selling HP device to Iran Company, Skycom was in compliance with ArticleVI of The Constitution of the United States and Article 25 of Charter of the UnitedNations, Serious Harm or Prosecution toward financial institutions without fact or legitimate grounds;
     
      Skycom向伊朗公司出售惠普打印机,符合联合国《宪章》第25条和美国《宪法》第6条,给金融机构带来严重损害或指控的说法缺乏事实和法律的根据;
     
      3)The arresting action of Wanzhou Meng by Canada violated Article 25 of Charter of the UnitedNations, 19(a) of Resolution 1803 (2008) and Resolution 1929 (2010) adopted by the Security Council and ArticleVI ofThe Constitution of the United States.
     
      加拿大拘捕孟晚舟的行为违反联合国《宪章》第25条,联合国安理会第1803、1929号决议,以及美国《宪法》第6条。
     
      Reasoning:
     
      分析:
     
      First, in “PROVISIONALARREST REQUEST FOR WANZHOU MENG”(P3 to P4) of “Summary of  Facts”,the statement on the PowerPoint Presentation, 1)“Huawei operates in Iran in strict compliance with applicable laws, regulations andsanctions of UN, US and EU”, in fact, In a report named Verification and monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of United Nations Security Council resolution2231(2015) by the Director General of IAEA ,published on 12 November 2018, it confirms: Iran's suspension of its uranium enrichment program(enrichment is not a violation of the NPT), 19(a) of Resolution 1803 (2008) and Resolution1929 (2010) should be applied in this situation, It Shall Suspend The Implementation Of Measures [19(a) of Resolution 1803 (2008)], according to Article VI of The Constitution of the United States and Article 25 of Charter of the UnitedNations,Resolution 1803 (2008) and Resolution 1929 (2010)‘shall be the supreme Law of the Land' in USA, and have precedence overdomestic laws or regulations in USA, such as, Iran and Libya Sanctions Act of 1996, ComprehensiveIran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010,or The Export Administration Act of 1979etc.,.
     
      首先,在“Summary of Facts”的“PROVISIONAL ARREST REQUEST FOR WANZHOU MENG”(P3 to P4)中记载,孟晚舟2013年9月3日向金融机构“Financial Institution 1”提供的PPT中明确表示如下:(1)“Huawei operates in Iran in strict compliancewith applicable laws, regulations and sanctions of UN, US and EU”,这一表述合法,2004、2014年,伊朗皆表示停止浓缩铀活动,根据联合国安理会第1803、1929号决议,各国应终止执行对伊朗的制裁,则即使华为的子公司与伊朗的公司存在交易,也是符合联合国决议;
     
      Regarding the statement, (2)“Huawei's engagement with Skycom is normal business cooperation. Through its tradecompliance organization and process, Huawei requires Skycom to make commitmentson observing applicable laws, regulations and export control requirements”,with the following content as “Huawei sold its shares in Skycom to acompany also controlled by Huawei”, deriving from Independentpersonality of corporation, I believe that Skycom as a subsidiary of Huawei isdifferent from Skycom is a subsidiary of a third company, which Huawei hasshares, in other words, a third company is not equal to Huawei.
     
      其次,(2)“Huawei's engagement with Skycom is normal business cooperation. Through its trade compliance organization and process,Huawei requires Skycom to make commitments on observing applicable laws, regulationsand export control requirements”,孟晚舟安排转交的PPT之表述符合事实,结合该文件下文“Huawei sold its shares in Skycom to a company also controlled by Huawei”的表述,证明华为不再直接持股Skycom,而是由一家华为担任股东的第三方公司取代,法人人格独立,华为持股的第三方公司不等同于华为,即孟晚舟安排转交的PPT中含有“Huawei has sold all its shares in Skycom”的内容与事实相符,不存在“误导性陈述”。
     
      In summary, statements on the PPT from Wanzhou Meng's arrangementwas in compliance with the fact , and ArticleVI of The Constitution of the United States and Article 25 of Charter of the UnitedNations.
     
      综上所述,来自孟晚舟女士安排转交的PPT中的陈述,与事实相符,符合联合国《宪章》、联合国安理会决议和美国《宪法》。

    【作者简介】
    唐文金律师,南开大学法学学士学位,上海锦天城(天津)律师事务所。

    本网站文章仅代表作者个人观点,不代表本网站的观点与看法。
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